Novarum, the 1891 encyclical by Pope Leo XIII that helped to
legitimize the labor union movement and legislation promoting workers
v. Ferguson, the 1896 Supreme Court decision that upheld
segregation, with Justice John Harlan's ringing, if solitary,
The War Prayer, by Mark Twain,
written in response to the Spanish-American War of 1899-1902, which
Page by by Gene Clanton, author of POPULISM: THE HUMANE
PREFERENCE IN AMERICA, 1890-1900 (Boston: Twayne Publishers, 1991)
and CONGRESSIONAL POPULISM AND THE CRISIS OF THE 1890S (Lawrence:
University Press of Kansas, 1998). See online essay, Origins
of Populism, Part 1.
discussion of the 1886 Supreme Court decision in Santa Clara v.
Southern Pacific Railroad case that granted corporations civil rights
under the 14th Amendment.
for a course at Ohio State University on the Emergence of Modern
America, 1877-1917, covering the Populist Movement, the Progressive
Era and the Gilded Age, with texts by Jane Addams, Henry George,
Washington Gladden, Theodore Roosevelt, Woodrow Wilson and a
discussion of Populism and the 1896 campaign. Also, other interesting
for a course at the University of Colorado on the Populist Movement
and Political Reform.
of Populism in Nebraska, including The Grange, the Farmers
Alliance, the Populists, William Jennings Bryan and the Progressive
Movement, at NebraskaStudies.org
of the Colored Farmers Alliance. Preliminary research for writing
a history of the Colored Farmers Alliance in the Populist movement:
1886-1896, by Omar Ali, Columbia University
Jenning Bryan, a web site memorializing "The Great Commoner," a
populist lawyer, newspaper editor and three-time Democratic nominee
for President (1896, 1900, 1908) who championed family farms,
antitrust legislation, campaign finance reform, food safety and
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